Seminarium fotoniki

Breaking the diffraction limit by measuring photon correlations

dr Radosław Łapkiewicz

Instytut Fizyki Doświadczalnej, Zakład Optyki, FUW


3 marca 2022 12:15, ul. Pasteura 5, sala 1.02

Single fluorescent emitters in biological samples are probably the most common sources of quantum light. Nevertheless, their quantum optical properties are rarely exploited. I will discuss how fluorescence microscopy can benefit from measurements of quantum correlations. Such measurements allowed counting emitters within a diffraction-limited spot [1] and enhancing the resolution of classical super-resolution methods further beyond the diffraction limit, as in the case of recently introduced Quantum Image Scanning Microscopy (QISM) [2].

We found that the classical analog of QISM relying on classical light correlations offers a higher SNR at short measurement times and is less demanding experimentally. This method, termed Super-resolution optical fluctuation image scanning microscopy (SOFISM) [3], exploits fluorescent emitter blinking as its image contrast. SOFISM offers a robust path to achieve high-resolution images with a slightly modified confocal microscope, using standard fluorescent labels and reasonable acquisition times.

 [1] Y. Israel, et al., Quantum correlation enhanced super-resolution localization microscopy enabled by a fibre bundle camera. Nat.Comm. 8, 14786 (2017).

[2] R. Tenne, et al., Super-resolution enhancement by quantum image scanning microscopy,  Nat. Phot.,  13,  116–122 (2019).

[3] A. Sroda, et al., SOFISM: Super-resolution optical fluctuation image scanning microscopy, SOFISM: Super-resolution optical fluctuation image scanning microscopy, Optica 7, 1308-1316 (2020).

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