Numerical characterization of an ultra-high NA coherent fiber bundle part II: point spread function analysis

Heyvaert, S; Ottevaere, H.; Kujawa, I ; Buczynski, R; Thienpont, H

Optics Express

21 (21), 2013, 25403-25417, 10.1364/OE.21.025403

Straightforward numerical integration of the Rayleigh-Sommerfeld diffraction integral (R-SDI) remains computationally challenging, even with today’s computational resources. As such, approximating the R-SDI to decrease the computation time while maintaining a good accuracy is still a topic of interest. In this paper, we apply an approximation for the R-SDI that is to be used to propagate the field exiting a Coherent Fiber Bundle (CFB) with ultra-high numerical aperture (0.928) of which we presented the esign and modal properties in previous work. Since our CFB has single-mode cores with a diameter (550
nm) smaller than the wavelength (850nm) for which the CFB was designed, we approximate the highly divergent fundamental modes of the cores with real Dirac delta functions. We find that with this approximation we can strongly reduce the computation time of the R-SDI while maintaining a good agreement with the results of the full R-SDI. Using this approximation, we first determine the Point Spread Function (PSF) for an ‘ideal’ output field exiting the CFB (identical amplitudes for cores on a perfect hexagonal lattice with the phase of each core determined by the appropriate spherical and tilted plane wave front). Next, we analyze the PSF when amplitude or phase noise is superposed onto this ‘ideal’ field. We find that even in the presence of these types of noise, the effect on the central peak of PSF is limited. From these types of noise, phase noise is found to have the biggest impact on the PSF.