Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibres with core filled with toluene

Chu Van L., Anuszkiewicz A., Ramaniuk A., Kasztelanic R., Dinh Xuan K., Cao Long V., Trippenbach M. and Buczyński R.

Journal of Optics

19, 2017, art. 125604, 10.1088/2040-8986/aa96bc

A photonic crystal fibre with hollow core filled with toluene is considered as a new system for coherent supercontinuum generation. The dispersion characteristics are studied for various geometrical parameters of photonic crystal fibres. Two structures with lattice constant 2 μm, filling factors d/Λ 0.3 and 0.35 and toluene core of diameters of 3.34 and 3.23 μm have flat dispersion in the near infrared range. The structure with d/Λ = 0.3 has all-normal dispersion characteristics in whole near-infrared wavelength range, while the second structure (d/Λ = 0.35) has anomalous dispersion for wavelengths longer than 1.5 μm. Although confinement losses in the considered structures are as high as 0.4 dB cm−1, we show that the generation of coherent supercontinuum in the range 1.0–1.7 μm with the pulse energy conversion of 16% is feasible in 4 cm long fibre samples with standard fibre femtosecond lasers.