Single-layer metal nanolenses with tight foci in far-field

Wróbel, P., Antosiewicz, T.J., Pniewski, J., Szoplik, T.

Applied Physics A Materials Science & Processing

103 (3), 2011, 821–825, 10.1007/s00339-010-6221-z

In simulations we analyze performance of plasmonic nanolenses made of a single metal layer. We consider the nanolenses in two configurations. In the first, the nanolens is a free-standing silver layer with no hole on the optical axis and double-sided concentric corrugations. In the second, the nanolens has a set of slits instead of grooves. This necessitates integrating the annular metal elements with a dielectric matrix. We examine the following parameters of the nanolenses: film thickness, diameter of an on-axis stop, and lattice constant of slits or double-sided concentric grooves, as well as depth and width of grooves. Due to radially polarized illumination lenses have foci of full widths at half maxima (FWHMs) better than half a wavelength, though foci formed by propagating waves do not decrease beyond the diffraction limit. Due to proper geometry of slits or double-sided grooves lenses have focal lengths of the order of a few wavelengths. Transmission of light through lenses with double-sided narrow grooves reaches 30% while through ones with slits exceeds 80%.