Temperature sensitivity of chromatic dispersion in nonlinear silica and heavy metal oxide glass photonic crystal fibers

Stepniewski G., Kasztelanic R., Pysz D., Stepien R., Klimczak M., and Buczynski R.

Optical Materials Express

6 (8), 2016, 2689-2703, 10.1364/OME.6.002689

In this paper we report on the examination of the temperature influence of the effective refractive index and on the dispersion characteristics in air-hole lattice photonic crystal fibers. We use an original method to measure the temperature influence on chromatic dispersion in an optical fiber, where both the thermal expansion of the fiber and its effective group refractive index are taken into account. We present the experimental and modeling results of dispersion characteristics for two types of non-linear fibers, a silica glass fiber and a soft glass fiber in the temperature range from 20°C to 420°C. We measured the zero dispersion wavelength shift of + 0.020 nm/°C for the fused silica fiber and + 0.045 nm/°C for the heavy metal oxide soft glass fiber. Experimental results are in agreement with numerical modeling. Finally, the influence of the temperature-induced change of the dispersion profile on nonlinear performance of the studied fiber structures is investigated numerically. Notable change of parametric gain maxima locations is observed even for small changes of the zero dispersion wavelength in relation to the pump laser wavelength in a four-wave mixing fiber-based wavelength conversion scenario.