Nanostructured Large Mode Area Fiber for Laser Applications

Anuszkiewicz A., Franczyk M., Pysz D., Wlodarczyk F., Filipkowski A., Buczynski R., Osuch T.

Journal of Lightwave Technology

40(12), 2022, 3947-3953, 10.1109/JLT.2022.3149978

We developed a passive silica based large mode area fiber with the nanostructured core with a diameter of 30 μm devoted to fiber Bragg grating inscription for application in an all-fiber laser cavity. The fiber is perfectly matched to the commercial active fiber with NA = 0.06 and core/cladding diameters 30/250 μm. Measured modal characteristics and bending loss of the fiber confirm single-mode operation for bending diameter of 8 cm with bending losses as low as 0.15 dB/m. Although the nanostructured fiber core is low germanium doped, we fabricated high reflectivity (98.5%) UV induced fiber Bragg grating (FBG) and verified its performance in fiber laser setup. The laser cavity formed with highly reflective FBG inscribed in the fiber and Fresnel reflection on the free end of active fiber results in lasing efficiency of 65.5%. The flexibility of the nanostructuring approach gives prospects for the development of free-form large mode area fibers for passive fiber components and matched with any type of active fibers.