Fiber microprobe with integrated gradient index vortex mask

Nguyen H.T., Switkowski K., Filipkowski A., Kasztelanic R., Pysz D., Lef H.V., Stepien R., Krolikowski W., Buczynski R.

Optics Communications

477, 2020, art. 126345, 10.1016/j.optcom.2020.126345

Novel fiber microprobe comprising a nanostructured gradient index optical vortex phase mask and single-mode fiber was investigated numerically and experimentally. The mask which, consists of spatially distributed sub-wavelength nanorods, was fabricated via the modified stack-and-draw fiber drawing technique. The mask has flat input and output surfaces and transverse dimensions of a standard single-mode fiber. The microprobe allows efficient generation of high-quality optical vortex beams in different environments such as air and water.